History and mythology of Sithonia

History of Sithonia

 Ιστορία και πολιτισμος Σιθωνία

Sithonia took its name from Sithonas, king of Macedonia, son of Poseidon and Ossa. The mythology says SITHON was the father of the beautiful Pallini, which claimed celebrities suitors from around the world. Whoever claimed Pallini for bride, however, had to duel with her father and because all suitors lose the duel, Pallini never marry.


When SITHON grew old, put the suitors to battling each other. In such a duel, opponents were Cleitus and Dryantas. Her heart was beating Pallini for Kleitos and trembled lest the good of the killed. then she confided her concern in an elder nurse, who he reassured her, bribed the charioteer of Dryanta to spoil his chariot master so Cleitus beat in duel.


The Sithonia, however, because he realized what happened, he decided to burn the daughter of the pleadings "divine" rain, however, extinguished the fire at the right time and the Pallini saved. The Sithonia, understanding the sign of God, acknowledged his mistake and married the two young people. In ancient times, in Sithonia was the Sermyli cities Fyskella, Siggos, Parthenopolis, Galipsos, Toroni, Derra, Ampelos, Sarti, Peloros, Assa and Sithonia.


Sithonia is the middle peninsula - "second leg" - of Chalkidiki. Extends between the Toroneos and Siggitikos Bay and ends at Cape Drepano. It is mountainous, generally, an area with beautiful forests. The highest peak is Itamos (height 811m.). The climate is Mediterranean. The area is famous for its excellent honey produced here (Sykia produces large quantities of honey one that a large number of its inhabitants engaged in bee-keeping), but also for the oil, olives, fish, wine, grapes and amazing cheese products.