The birthplace of the philosopher Aristotle was a colony of Andros, founded in 655 BC The first name of the city was Orthagoria. Originally allied with the Athenians and the Spartans, the city was conquered by Philip in 349 BC, after the destruction of Olynthos. Philip, however, rebuilt the city in order to honor the great philosopher, teacher of Alexander the Great. When Aristotle died, the citizens of the transfer the bones in Stagira and have created a monument. The excavations began in 1990. The most impressive piece that brought to light the wall, the top of the hill was built in the classic years. The different ways of construction can be distinguished. The wall defines the western limits of the ancient city, surrounded by the sea. The strong fortifications filled round and square towers and bastions associated with heavy scales. At the top of the hill also seen the remains of the citadel. At the back, between the hills, is the well-preserved rest from a beautiful, spacious public building, with a gallery and a monumental facade with pillars.